نقش درک میان فرهنگی و نگرش به مدرس در اضطراب یادگیری فارسی‌آموزان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

مدیران پژوهش ‏نامه درگذشت جانکاه اندیشمند گرامی و نویسنده ارجمند این مقاله را به جامعه‏ی دانشگاهی و بازماندگان محترم ایشان تسلیت عرض می‏نماید.

چکیده

درک فارسی‌آموزان غیرایرانی از مسائل اجتماعی-‌فرهنگی ایران، تفاوت‌های ‌فرهنگی میان زبان‌آموزان و مدرسان در مراکز آموزش زبان فارسی و همچنین، مسائل عاطفی و نوع نگرش این زبان‌آموزان نسبت به مدرسان، می‌توانند تأثیرات متفاوتی بر میزان اضطراب آنها در زمان یادگیری زبان فارسی داشته باشند. در همین راستا، پژوهش حاضر، علاوه بر بررسی رابطه­ی میان سه مقوله‌ی «اضطراب یادگیری»، «نگرش» فارسی‌آموزان نسبت به ویژگی‌های شخصیتی مدرسان­، و سطوح «درک میان­فرهنگیِ» آنها، به پیش­­بینی میزان اضطراب، نگرش، و درک میان‌فرهنگی‌شان می‌پردازد. همچنین، تفاوت میان این زبان­آموزان در زمینه‌ی سه متغیرِ «درک میان فرهنگی»، «نگرش به مدرسان»، و تجربه­ی «اضطراب یادگیری»، با توجه به سطوح متفاوت بسندگی زبانی و تفاوت­های ملّیتی مورد بررسی قرار می‌گیرد. به همین منظور، در پاییز سال 1388، 68 فارسی­آموز دختر و پسر سطح مبتدی (مقدماتی) و میانی در دانشگاه بین­المللی امام خمینی‌(ره) مورد پژوهش قرار گرفتند. طبق نتایج به دست آمده، میان نگرش فارسی‌­آموزان، درک میان­فرهنگی و اضطراب یادگیری‌شان رابطه‌ی معنی‌دار و قابل توجهی وجود دارد. از طرفی، متغیر «نگرش»، درصد خوبی از واریانسِ مربوط به اضطراب یادگیری را پیش­بینی می­کند. همچنین، طبق نتایج، فارسی­آموزان سطح مبتدی میزان بالاتری از اضطراب را تجربه می­کردند، اما ویژگی­های شخصیتی بهتری را به مدرسان ایرانی خود نسبت می­دادند. علاوه بر این، تفاوت­های آماری معنی­داری میان سه گروه از فارسی‌آموزان اروپایی، آسیایی عرب و آسیایی غیرعرب در رابطه با متغیرهای نگرش، و درک میان­فرهنگی به دست آمد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Cross-cultural Sensitivity and Attitudes towards Teachers on Reducing Persian Learners’ Foreign Language Anxiety

نویسنده [English]

  • Azam Karimi
چکیده [English]

 
The non-Persian learners’ appreciation of the social-cultural issues in Iran, cultural differences between learners and their teachers, and their attitudes towards teachers may have various impacts on learners’ anxiety in Persian classrooms. The present research aims to explore the relationships among learners’ anxiety in learning Persian, their attitudes towards teachers’ personality, and cross-cultural sensitivity levels. In addition, it examines to what extent these factors can predict the learning in Persian learners. Moreover, the study will investigate the differences between learners in three variables with regard to proficiency level and nationality. A total number of 68 international students (including both genders) at basic and intermediate levels were recruited in Fall 2009. The results showed that there was significant and considerable relationship among Persian learners’ level of anxiety, cross-cultural sensitivity and their attitudes towards teachers. Furthermore, ‘attitude’ could significantly predict the variance of ‘anxiety’. Moreover, while experiencing more anxiety, the learners at the basic level attributed more personality attitudes to their teachers. Significant differences were also found between the European, Arab, and non-Arab Asian learners with respect to attitude and cross-cultural sensitivity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • L2 anxiety
  • attitudes towards L2 teachers
  • personality features
  • cross cultural sensitivity
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