عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Needs analysis is an important step in curriculum development. Teachers, writers and researchers must be aware of students’ needs to be able to make good decisions in choosing their teaching methodology or preparing course books. By the term “need”, we mean the gap between the current state and the desirable state. In the case of Persian language, there is no corpus based on students’ need, therefore, teachers, experts and authors have no reference for the generalized ‘needs’ of the students and also for choosing suitable course books, other than their intuition for preparing the course syllabus, evaluating their students or the teaching methods. Based on factors such as the source of needs, philosophical view of decision makers, the goals of needs analysis and other criteria, various modelshaves been proposed.
In this research, we deal with some of these models such as Richterich & Chancerel (1977), Munby (1978), Hutchinson & Waters (1987), Berwick (1989) Brindley (1989) and Long (2005). Also, we talk about what the needs and needs analysis mean, and through which methods and sources we can achieve the most comprehensive and appropriate corpus.