عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The present research aims to study the effects of syllabic structure in standard Tajiki Persian on the pronunciation of standard Iranian Persian words and the joint loanwords in these languages. This descriptive study used optimality theory, as a recent branch of generative grammar, to analyse the errors. To that end, ten Tajiki-speaking Persian learners, studying at Imam Khomeini International University, were asked to pronounce Persian words and loan words. Their pronunciation errors in Persian words, or loanwords, with initial or final consonant clusters were studied and analysed based on the differences of constraint rankings governing syllable structure in standard Persian and Tajiki. Results showed that some of the errors by Tajiki-speaking learners of Persian influenced by constraint rankings of syllabic structure in Tajiki could be corrected after 16 weeks of residence in Iran, exposure to the standard Persian, 240 hours of class training, and the lack of fatal violation in Tajik; however, in case of high ranking constraints in Tajiki, learners keep the structures of their mother tongue and do not those constraints. Nevertheless, it should be noted that some of language learners’ errors are rooted in incorrect generalizations and interlanguage characteristics which can be attributed to the source language and learners’ theory about the target language.